Equine Services

Equine Reproduction

Mare and Foal We offer a full array of breeding services ranging from preparing your broodmare to collecting your stallion.


On site breeding is available with the use of fresh, shipped cooled or frozen semen. We have handled thousands of mares from maidens to the difficult high risk. In addition to breeding, we offer pregnancy support and foaling services to help you realize your next healthy foal. Ultrasound is used to determine breeding and pregnancy status. In house lab diagnostics including cultures and biopsies are also utilized. Our facility provides boarding for your mare/foal and allows you to breed your mare to either one of the stallions on-site or virtually any stallion you choose. Embryo transfers can also be arranged. Foaling New Born Foal


Many services are offered for your stallion. Stallion collections are available on-site for insemination of in-house mares. Semen can also be prepared for shipment for off-site breeding or can be frozen and stored for future use. Frozen semen provides semen availability when the stallion is not available. Semen can be shipped to any destination of your choice. Stallion boarding and management is also available.

Call us with any questions you have about reproduction needs whether you own a mare, stallion, or both. We do on farm breeding as well.

Equine Sports Medicine

2011 Houston Live Stock Show Winner Sports Medicine provides for all aspects of therapies designed to allow your horse to perform to its genetic potential. These treatment modalities include a comprehensive whole horse approach. Many of our performance horse require joint therapy to prevent degeneration joint disease or osteoarthritis. Included in this area are intraarticular joint injections, joint supplementation, medical pain management, physical/exercise therapy, massage and chiropractic.

We are able to use your performance history, personal observations and our diagnostic skills to assure your horse's potential is achieved. We will perform a thorough palpation of your horse's musculoskeletal system along with observation of how your horse moves at various gaits. We utilize on site lab work, digital radiology, digital ultrasonography and other diagnostic tests to isolate sources of lack of performance.

Sports Medicine Procedure Sports Medicine X-ray Sports Medicine X-ray Once an accurate diagnosis is made, we discuss treatment options with you and customize a treatment and therapy plan for your horse. We find many of our horses need hoof care and corrective farriery and are able to offer that on site with two professional farriers. If you prefer, we can also work with your own personal farrier.

We offer all the current modalities of IRAP and PRP which utilize blood components from your own horse. We have also had tremendous success with Acell therapy which is a stem cell precursor product. We would welcome the opportunity to work with you whether you are heading to the futurity or if you want your weekend riding friend to be comfortable.

Equine Surgery

We provide a full array of surgical services at Surgery Washington Animal Clinic. These include both standing surgeries which are performed under sedation and local pain control as well as general anesthesia or laydown surgeries. Surgery Some of the standing surgeries include castrations, mare reproductive surgeries,wound closures, and ophthalmic procedures. For our general anesthetic procedures we utilize our surgery room where patients are placed onto a surgery table for positioning on their side or back depending on need. Included in these surgeries are tendon and bone procedures, cesarian sections, hernia repairs, retained testicle removal, corneal and other eye surgeries.

In addition to surgeries offered at Washington Animal Clinic, we may refer cases to area surgical centers. Examples of these cases include abdominal surgeries(colic) and arthroscopic(joint) surgeries.

Equine Medical Laboratory

Lab Tests Washington Animal Clinic has a complete onsite laboratory that provides valuable and immediate evaluation of blood parameters on your horse. Without an in house lab, samples would have to be shipped out and results could be delayed for days, thus jeopardizing the proper and immediate treatment of your horse. We are able to do blood counts and differentials that allow us to confirm conditions such as anemia, infection, hydration status, and levels of inflammation.

Additional equipment allows for study of blood gases and electrolytes to determine your horse's blood pH, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels, as well as sodium, calcium, and potassium levels. These are all very important in very sick animals and guide our therapy, especially types and amounts of intravenous fluid therapy.

We are able to perform blood chemistries that give us information regarding organ function--muscle, liver, kidney, etc. These tests point our diagnosis to specific organs and allow for accurate treatments and can be repeated at intervals to judge treatment response.

Lab Tests Washington Animal Clinic performs onsite bacterial and fungal cultures with drug susceptibility testing. We are able to obtain valuable preliminary information in 48 hours to aid us in choosing proper antimicrobials for treatment. Common culturing includes respiratory cases, intrauterine swabs from breeding mares, eye infections, and non-responsive infected wounds.

Coggins's testing, also known as Equine Infectious Anemia, is simple and quick at Washington Animal Clinic. We utilize a courier service that picks up daily and returns the completed forms in 2 business days. For those who need quicker response, a "RUSH" Coggin's can be run with results in 24 hours.

Washington Animal Clinic utilizes outside laboratories when necessary for some disease testing. Most commonly the lab used is the state lab at College Station, Texas, the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory.

Equine Dentistry

Washington Animal Clinic provides comprehensive dental care. The scope of dental care ranges from floating and wolf tooth or cap removal to advanced procedures including tooth removal and even braces. All services are performed by licensed veterinarians. We feel strongly that dentistry is a VETERINARY PROCEDURE to be performed only by LICENSED VETERINARIANS. We have made dentistry a very important part of our practice and consider it to be vitally important for your horse's health, performance, and wellness. As educated veterinary professionals, we are better able to assure the overall health of your horse and you will find our fees to be more than competitive and often times less.

Dental work on Horse Washington Animal Clinic has provided quality dental services for over 25 years. We have complete dental instrumentation to assure proper and accurate corrections. We are trained to properly sedate and handle your horse to minimize any risks. We do utilize power equipment which reduces procedure time.

Dentistry is important for all ages of horses. Newborn foals need to checked for bite alignment. We can aid in proper alignment with floating and brace application if necessary. Horses do have deciduous or baby teeth and do not replace them until 4 years of age. Horses' teeth are constantly changing and need to be checked regularly. Horses younger than 4 should be examined twice yearly and older horses annually.

Floating or filing of sharp enamel points is the basis for equine dental care, but a complete treatment will include other procedures. These include inspection for broken, cracked, or infected teeth, removal of retained deciduous teeth, reducing canine teeth, wolf tooth removal, leveling of the tooth surfaces, applying bit seats, and balancing incisors. These procedures and others result in good dental health for your horse and can aid in digestion of foods and better acceptance of training.

If you notice difficulties in your horse with chewing, dropping feed, weight loss, resisting a bit, or foul odors, give us a call. These are common signs that your horse may have dental issues.

Chiropractic/Pain Management

Pain Management Pain Management WAC recognizes the need for alternative care in supplementing traditional care to assure maximum performance of your horse. We offer veterinary supervised chiropractic care by J C Adams. J C uses multiple modalities in pain management including deep muscle massage, skeletal manipulation, acupuncture, P3 stimulation, and magnetic therapy. We often combine his therapies with other veterinary procedures like joint injections or trigger point injections to allow your horse to reach it's full performance potential. Call to schedule a session for your horse or come by and see the services we offer.


Washington Animal Clinic is fortunate to have the services of two respected corrective farriers. Mike Forman Farrier Mike Foreman has offered his services and expertise at WAC for over 25 years. He brings tremendous knowledge and experience in the treatment of foot problems. The variety of hoof applications are unlimited but are always specific and precise for each case. Shon Callahan also offers his services to WAC. Mike Forman Farrier After 6 years of apprenticeship with Mike Foreman, Shon is an integral part of foot care at WAC. His services include corrective trimming and shoeing. Both of these farriers work closely with our veterinarians in a team approach which maximizes favorable results.

Additionally, we will prescribe treatments and work with your personal farrier. Quite often we find it beneficial to use our farriers initially and then allow followup care to return to your personal farrier.

Preventative Medicine

WAC offers preventative care for your horse's well-being. This includes vaccination programs, deworming strategies, nutritional counseling, and dentistry.

Vaccinations are the cornerstone of any program that assures your horse's health. We customize vaccination protocols based on disease risks. The majority of the vaccines are given annually after an initial primary followed by a 3-4 week booster. Basic core vaccines we recommend include:

Vacinne Rabies. A neurological disease that Is always fatal. The danger is that exposure can occur at an unknown event with a rabid wild animal--skunk, coyote, bat. The other danger is that an infected horse can expose humans as signs of infection in a horse can be unusual--lethargic, unable to swallow, disoriented. Exposed humans have to go through involved treatment because the development of disease is always fatal.

West Nile Virus. A viral disease that is spread to a horse by a mosquito that had a previous meal from a West Nile infected bird. Although we have seen a reduced incidence since the disease first appeared in this area, vaccination is strongly recommended.

VEE, WEE, EEE. Sleeping sickness or Equine Encephalomyelitis. V for Venezuelan, W for Western, and E for Eastern strains. There has been a recent resurgance of EEE.

Mare and Foal Tetanus. Lockjaw. So named due to general muscle contracture or spasm. Of note that vaccine is called "toxoid" and the antiserum product for immediate protection as used in newborn foals is "antitoxin" but has shortterm duration--2-3weeks--and provides no longterm immunity.

Influenza. Flu is a viral respiratory disease that is common to horses in this area. Horses that are shown and travel are more prone to become ill due to exposure and stress. Different vaccine options are available including intramuscular and intranasal routes. This disease may require 6 month booster in certain horses.

Rhino or Rhinopneumonitis. EHV-1 or EHV-4 A herpesvirus that is seen in several forms including respiratory, neurologic, and abortion forms depending on the strain. Vaccine for respiratory form may require 6 month booster in high risk horses. Vaccine for prevention of abortion is given to pregnant mares at 5, 7, and 9 months of pregnancy. Recent neurologic form is not prevented by vaccination but spreading may be minimized by vaccination due to decrease in shedding from infected horses.

Strangles. "Distemper". "Distemper". Highly contagious bacterial disease that causes lymph node swelling and copius nasal discharge along with a high fever(102-106). Vaccines available are intramuscular and intranasal wih 6-12 month boosters.

Mare and Foal waliking Other vaccines. Additional products are available and are used on a risk basis. Examples are: Equine Viral Arteritis, Anthrax, Botulism, Potomac Horse Fever, and Rotaviral Diarrhea.

Protocol for vaccinations: Foals are vaccinated at 4-6 months of age with appropiate boosters at 3-4 week intervals.

Yearlings and adult horses are vaccinated annually with some 6 month boosers depending on risk.

Mares that are pregnant are given Rhino at 5, 7, & 9 months and prefoaling boosters are given 30 days before due date to maximize colostral protection to the newborn foal.

Parasite control. It is critical to control internal parasites("worms") to maintain good health and performance. We accomplish this through customized deworming programs and periodic fecal egg counts to assure product effectiveness. Please contact our staff to discuss product and frequency use.

We will also visit with you about external parasite control--flies, gnats, mosquitos.

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